education system in Canada

How Does the Canada School System Work?

The objective of this article is to give an overview of the education system in Canada. Throughout this article, the term education refers to the form of education from elementary school through university, though in the United States the term education is often used for college and university training.


Schools are organized by region in each province and territory. The province that a child resides to determine whether he or she attends a public, Catholic, or independent school.

Public schools are usually supported by the government and by tax dollars. Public schools that do not receive government funding are nonprofit organizations.

Public schools in Canada are operated by boards of education that oversee their curriculum and other activities. The province that a child lives to determine whether the school board serves in an advisory capacity to the province’s education department.

Parents and children can attend independent schools, which are privately funded. Independent schools are funded primarily by tuition fees, and the public is not allowed to sponsor students or provide education.

Independent schools can be found in all provinces and territories, and in some cases a parent may choose to enroll their child in an independent school. Parents can also select a school on their own and take their child if they reside outside of the province or territory in which the school is located.

There are many different types of learning options available at school, from traditional or kindergarten-through-twelve bilingual education, English and French language schools, to CEGEP (Canada Education Grade 10), and B.C. (British Columbia). Each province has a different curriculum and school systems. A student is expected to obtain the equivalent of an undergraduate degree before they reach high school.

Various students will be able to attend college and university after graduation, or to continue their education beyond the university if they want to. In some cases, students will be able to transfer credits to universities that they would have previously attended without re-entering college.

The purpose of higher education in Canada involves education in the arts, engineering, business, science, medicine, and other fields. Certain provinces offer admission to people who have not completed high school, but a student must obtain a post-secondary diploma before they are able to sit for entrance exams to these colleges and universities.

In this overview of how does the Canada school system work, we have outlined the basic steps. Some things remain the same for each province, and some things vary between provinces. The majority of provinces require parents to submit work history forms prior to taking their child for an assessment.

Once the form is submitted, the parents will be asked a series of questions about the school the child is attending. The parents will be asked a series of questions about their income, family size, and number of children that are enrolled in school. Information from the school board is also collected.



In this article, we have gone over how does the Canada school system work in Canada. We will discuss the different forms of education offered by the school system, and what to expect after a child graduates from high school. We will also talk about which types of schools offer college or university training, and about education in Canada in general.