Facts Bangladesh – Profile of Bangladesh, summary with key points

History facts

Bangladesh is a independent country located in South Asia . The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka . Bengali is the official language. Because of political discrimination, ethnic & linguistic ignored and socio-economical neglect by the West Pakistan (Now Pakistan) , grew agitation led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, which succeeded after Pakistan surrendered to Freedom Fighters of Bangladesh, and her ally an Indian Brigade in Dhaka .

Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy country with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad (National Assembly). It is the ninth most populous country and among the most densely populated countries in the world. The country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subject to annual monsoon floods and cyclones.

It is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the D-8 and BIMSTEC, and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations , the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Facts Summary:

political facts:

Official Name: The People’s Republic of BangladeshFlag of Bangladesh


President: Md. Abdul Hamid

Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina Wajed

Government: Parliamentary form of government. The President is head of the country, while the government is headed by the Prime Minister.

Area and location facts:

Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34′ and 26°38′ North. Longitude between 88°01′ and 92°41′ East.

Area: 143,998 sq km (55,598 sq miles)

land: 130,168 sq km water: 13,830 sq km

Boundaries: North – India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)

West – India (West Bengal)

East – India (Tripura and Assam, Myanmar)

South – Bay of Bengal

Capital City: Dhaka

Other Major Cities: Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur

Division: 7 Nos.

City Corporation: 6 Nos.

Districts: 64 Nos.

Upzilla: 487 Nos.
Beautiful Bangladesh

Police Station: 574 nos.

Unions: 4550 nos.

Union Information Centers: 4516

Standard Time: GMT + 6 Hours

Weather Facts

Climate Variations: Winter 11°C – 20°C (Dec-Feb), Summer 21°C – 34°C (April – June)

Average Rainfall: 200 CM

Humidity: Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (Dec & Jan)

Population Facts:

Population: 164.4 million (2010)

Literacy Rate: 65.22%

Life expectancy : 67 years (men), 69 years (women)

Average Income: 1120 USD

Religion: Muslims 88.35 %, Hindus 10.5 %, Buddhists 0.6%, Christians 0.3% and others 0.3%

Language: The national language is Bangla, which is spoken by 95%, 5% other dialects, English language is widely spoken in Bangladesh.

National Holidays Facts:

21 February : International Mother Language Day and Language Martyrs Day

26 March : Independence Day

14 April : Bangla New Year’s Day

01 May : May Day

07 November : National Solidarity Day

16 December : Victory Day

Economical facts:

Facts Crops: Paddy, Potato, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, etc.

Rivers Facts: Padma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Meghna, Jamuna, Shitalakhya, Surman, Bariganga, Teesta, Dakatia, Arialkha, etc.

Facts about Principal Exports: Raw Jute and products, Handicrafts, Tea, Leather and Leather goods, Garments, Frozen Shrimps, Hilsha Fish and Other fish, Ceramics, Vegetables, Software and IT Services, Medicine, Manpower, etc.Parliament Bangladesh


Facts of Imports: Powder Milk, Food, Oil, Industrial Raw Materials, Machineries Parts, Chemical, Motor parts, Car and bus, heavy equipments, etc.

Working Hours: The official working hours is from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM on Sunday to Wednesday. Friday and Saturday is a weekly holiday. Banks transact their business from 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM on Sunday to Wednesday and from 9:00 AM to 12:00 noon on Saturday for few Banks.

Facts of Industries: Jute, Garments, Tea, Fertilizer, Cement, Ship Building, Leather and Leather goods, Fishing, Food processing, Medicine, etc.

Currency: Taka having a denomination of 1000, 500, 100, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.
Exchange Rate: US$ 1.00 = 78 taka,

Monetary unit : 1 taka = 100 paisa

Facts Travel: This is a very beautiful country. Best time to visit this country is from October to March, there are many tourist spots.

Internet domain : .com.bd, .bd, .bangla

International dialling code : +880

Interesting Facts of Bangladesh

Ha-du-du is the national game of the country but people like cricket very much.

Excellent hospitality. Guest cannot leave relative house without taking any food. Guest also should bring some fruits, sweets for the host.

Manpower is the second foreign currency earning resource of the country as many Bangladeshi working in Middle East and other countries.

80% people of Bangladesh are farmers but main foreign currency earning product is garments.

Micro-credit founder Dr. Muhammad Yunus from Bangladesh winner of Nobel Peace Prize, not for Economy.

People of Bangladesh enjoy 6 seasons summer, rainy, autumn, cool, Winter and Spring; not like other country so hot or so cold.

World longest sea beach is Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh.

Sundarbans is the largest mangroves forest of the World.

Language Martyrs’ Day 21 February is the International Mother Language day.

Women wearing colorful Sharee or Salowar – Kamiz and men wearing lungee or pant and shirt.

Mobile phone subscribers is 113.784 million.

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