Where found Hilsa fish :
Ilish or Hilsa fish has a wide range of distribution and occurs in marine, estuarine and riverine environments of Bangladesh. The Hilsa fish is found in the Bay of Bengal of Bangladesh , India and Myanmar area. Hilsa also found other sea like Persian Gulf, Vietnam Sea Arabian Sea, China Sea. and Red Sea. The Ilish habitat in the Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Karnafully and other coaster rivers of Bangladesh is very tasty. The Hilsa also found Eastern & Western Rivers of India, the Indus of Pakistan, Satil Arab, and the Tigris & Euphrates of Iran and Iraq and the Irrawaddy River of Myanmar.
Hilsa fish life and Breeding :
The Hilsa fish is anadromous, with a life cycle that follows the general breeding pattern upstream in fresh water of channels of the Padma, Meghna, Karnafully, Jamuna and other rivers of Bangladesh. Ilish larvae hatching from the free-floating eggs. The immature hilsa in the early life grow in river channels of Bangladesh and then descend to the Bay of Bengal for a period of feeding & growth before returning to the rivers as mature breeding adults to complete the cycle.
The Ilish is a highly fecund fish. A large-sized female hilsa may produce about 2 million eggs. Although hilsas fish spawn more or less throughout the year, they have a minor spawning season is from February to March and a major season is from September to October of the year in Bangladesh. Small hilsa fish 2 inches to 4 inches ( 6 – 10 centimeter ), known as Jatka, are strictly prohibited to catch during their seaward season in all rivers and coastal area of Bangladesh.
Hilsa Food :
Hilsa is primarily a plankton feeder and its food includes diatoms, blue-green algae, cladocera, desmids, copepods, rotifers, etc. The feeding habit may vary according to the season, age and living environment of Hilsa.
Frozen hilsa fish export from Bangladesh
About 60% of Hilsa fish of the world found in Bangladesh. Hilsa production is 16.4 % (appx.) of total fish in Bangladesh. Bangladesh export Hilsa to India, Middle East, Europe and America. This frozen fish export is increasing significantly and has an important role to the economy of Bangladesh in recent year. It is estimated that about 2 million fishermen and traders are engaged in hilsa fishing in the country.
Hilsa or Ilish fish price in Bangladesh
1 kilogram hilsa fish price is Tk. 500 to Tk. 1000 per piece in local market of Bangladesh. During Pohela Boishak or Puja Ilish price go high to Tk. 1000 to 2000 taka per piece.
Ilish Maach Curry and Panta Ilish
Bangladeshi people like mouthwatering ‘shorshe ilish’ dish very much, it is very tasty Bengali Cuisine dish. This hilsa dish is cooked by slices of ilish, mustard seed, onion and spices with smoke fire. Panta Ilish (Fried slice hilsa fish, chilies, onions, dried fish paste) is a traditional food of Bengali, especially in the first day of Bangla New Year “Pohela Boishakh”. There are many more popular Hisla recipes in Bangladesh and India.