Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman PhotoBon­gob­ondhu or Friend of Ben­gal Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was born in a pres­ti­gious Mus­lim fam­ily on March 17 1920, in the vil­lage Tungi­para of Gopal­ganj dis­trict of Bangladesh. Bon­gob­ondhu spent his child­hood in his vil­lage Tungi­para with his fam­ily. When he was as of 7 years old, he began to going school at Gimadanga pri­mary school.


Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man mar­ried Begum Fazi­latnnesa at 18 years. The cou­ple became the happy par­ents of 2 daugh­ters– Sheikh Hasina Wazed & Sheikh Rehana, and 3 sons were Sheikh Kamal, Sheikh Jamal & Sheikh Russel.



Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man polit­i­cal career was effec­tively started while he was a stu­dent at Gopal­ganj mis­sion­ary school. Sheikh Mujib led a group of stu­dents demanded to repair the cracked roof of the school when Sher-​e-​Bangla A. K. Fazlul Huq, Prime Min­is­ter of Ben­gal and Husein Sha­heed Suhrawardy came to visit Gopal­ganj Mis­sion­ary School.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man passed the Entrance (SSC) Exam­i­na­tion in the year 1942 . Bon­gob­ondhu then took admis­sion in Cal­cutta Islamia Col­lage as an inter­me­di­ate stu­dent in the Human­i­ties fac­ulty. That same year Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man got actively involved with the move­ment for the cre­ation of Pak­istan.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was elected GS of Islamia Col­lege Stu­dents Union in 1946. Sheikh Mojib obtained Bach­e­lor of Arts (BA) degree from Islamia Col­lege under Cal­cutta Uni­ver­sity in 1947.

Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man took admis­sion in the Law Depart­ment, Dhaka Uni­ver­sity in 1948. Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man founded the Mus­lim Stu­dents League on Jan­u­ary 4, 1948. He rose in spon­ta­neous protest on Feb­ru­ary 23, 1948 when Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan Khwaja Naz­imud­din in a speech at the Law­mak­ers Assem­bly declared, “The peo­ple of East Pak­istan will accept Urdu as their state lan­guage.”Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 7 march Speech

Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man deliv­ered his­tor­i­cal speech on March 7, 1971

Khwaja Nazimuddin’s com­ments touched off a storm of protest across East Pak­istan. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man rushed into actions to build a strong move­ment against the Mus­lim League’s plan to make Urdu the only state lan­guage of Pak­istan. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man estab­lished com­mu­ni­ca­tion with stu­dents and polit­i­cal lead­ers of East Pak­istan. On March 2, 1948, a meet­ing of the work­ers of dif­fer­ent polit­i­cal par­ties was held to take ideas of the move­ment against the Mus­lim League on the lan­guage issue. The meet­ing held at Fazlul Huq Hall of Dhaka Uni­ver­sity approved des­o­la­tion placed by Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man to form an All-​Part Action Coun­cil.
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman historic Speech
On Mach 11 the Action Coun­cil called for a gen­eral strike to show its protest against the con­spir­acy of the Mus­lim League against Bangla lan­guage. On March 11, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested along with some lead­ers while they were hold­ing a protest in front of the Sec­re­tariat build­ing in Dhaka. Fol­low­ing the arrest of Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man the stu­dent com­mu­nity rose the protest. On March 15, Mus­lim League released Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man and other stu­dent lead­ers. In the fol­low­ing day, the All-​Party State Lan­guage Action Coun­cil held a rally at Bat Tala of Dhaka . Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib presided over the meet­ing, which were soon sets upon by the police.

To protest the police action Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man imme­di­ately announced a stu­dent strike across the coun­try for March 17 2048.


On 19 May, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man led a move­ment in sup­port of the Dhaka Uni­ver­sity Class Four employ­ees strug­gling to redress the dis­crim­i­na­tion done to them by their employ­ers. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested again on Sep­tem­ber 11.


Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was released from jail on Jan­u­ary 21, 1949. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib extended his sup­port to a strike called by the Class Four employ­ees of Dhaka. The Dhaka Uni­ver­sity author­i­ties illog­i­cally imposed a fine on Sheikh Mujib for lead­ing the move­ment of the 4th clashs employ­ees. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man rejected the unlaw­ful order. Even­tu­ally, the anti-​Muslim League can­di­date Sham­sul Huq won a by-​election in Tan­gail on April 26, 1949, Sheikh Mujib was arrested for stag­ing a sit-​in strike before the Dhaka Uni­ver­sity vice-chancellor’s res­i­dence. Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Home Coming

Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man returned home from Pakistan

On June 23, 1949, the East Pak­istan Awami Mus­lim League was formed, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was elected Awami Mus­lim League’s joint sec­re­tary despite his impris­on­ment. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was released in late June. Sheikh Mujib began orga­niz­ing an agi­ta­tion against the essen­tial food cri­sis after his released. In Sep­tem­ber 1949, Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested for vio­lat­ing Sec­tion 144. Later, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was released.

In Octo­ber 1949, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man upraised the demand for Chief Min­is­ter Nurul Amin’s res­ig­na­tion at a meet­ing of the Awami Mus­lim League. Again Sheikh Mujib was arrested alone with Moulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani for lead­ing a move­ment to Liaquat Ali Khan.

On Jan­u­ary 01, 1950, Awami Mus­lim League brought out an anti-​famine demon­stra­tion in Dhaka on the occa­sion of Prime Min­is­ter Liaquat Ali Khan’s visit to the East Pak­istan. Once again Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested and jailed for two years for lead­ing the protest.

Khwaja Naz­imud­din announced that Urdu would be the state lan­guage of Pak­istan on 26 Jan­u­ary 1952 again. Though Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man still in jail, man­aged to play a lead­ing role in orga­niz­ing a protest against this announce­ment. From prison Bon­gob­ondhu sent out a call to the State Lan­guage Action Coun­cil to obverse Feb­ru­ary 21 as Demand Day for releas­ing polit­i­cal pris­on­ers and mak­ing Bangla the state lan­guage. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man began a hunger strike from 14 Feb­ru­ary 1952. On 21 Feb­ru­ary the State Lan­guage Action Coun­cil vio­lated Section-​144 and brought out a demon­stra­tion in Dhaka to demand the recog­ni­tion of Bangla as the state lan­guage. Police opened fire, killing in the pro­tester Salam, Barkat, Rafique, Jab­bar & Shafiur, who thus became mar­tyrs of the Lan­guage Move­ment of 1952. In a state­ment from jail, Banga­bandhu con­demned the police fir­ing on Lan­guage demon­stra­tors and reg­is­tered his strong protest. Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was on hunger strike for 13 con­sec­u­tive days in Feb­ru­ary 1952. Banga­bandhu was moved from Dhaka cen­tral jail to Farid­pur Jail to pre­vent him from mak­ing con­tact with the orga­niz­ers of the lan­guage move­ment. Even­tu­ally Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was released from jail on 26 Feb­ru­ary, 1952.

On July 9, 1953 , Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was elected gen­eral sec­re­tary of Awami Mus­lim League at a coun­cil ses­sion. Ini­tia­tives had taken to make unity among A. K. Fazlul Huq , Moulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani & Sha­heed Suhrawardy with the objec­tive of tak­ing on the Mus­lim League at the gen­eral elec­tions. To achieve this goal, a spe­cial coun­cil ses­sion of Awami Mus­lim League was called on Novem­ber 14, 1953, when a res­o­lu­tion to form the Jukta Front was approved.

Bangabandhu with his wife and children

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Fam­ily

The first gen­eral elec­tions of Pak­istan were held on March 10, 1954. The United Front ( Jukto Front ) won 223 seats out of a total of 237, includ­ing 143 cap­tured by the Awami Mus­lim League. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man con­tested the Gopal­ganj con­stituency, defeated Mus­lim League Leader Wahiduz­za­man by 13,000 votes. On 15 May 1954, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib was made min­is­ter for Agri­cul­ture and Forests when the new provin­cial gov­ern­ment was formed. On 29 May, the cen­tral gov­ern­ment arbi­trar­ily dis­missed the United Front min­istry and arrested Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man again when he landed at Dhaka air­port after a flight from Karachi, Pak­istan on May 30, 1954. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was released on Decem­ber 23 , 1954.

Friend of Ben­gal Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was elected a mem­ber of the leg­isla­tive assem­bly on 5th June, 1955 . The Awami League held a meet­ing at Pal­tan on June 17, 1955 where they announced a 21-​point pro­gram demand­ing self-​government for East Pak­istan. On June 23, the Work­ing Coun­cil of the Awami League decided that Mem­bers of Par­lia­ment would resign from the leg­isla­tive assem­bly if self-​government was not granted to East Pak­istan.

On Octo­ber 21, 1955, Awami Mus­lim League dropped the word “Mus­lim” from its name at a coun­cil ses­sion and Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur elected Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the party.Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Indira Gandhi

Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man with Indira Ghandi

On 3 Feb­ru­ary, 1956 , Awami League lead­ers, dur­ing a meet­ing with the Chief Min­is­ter of Pak­istan, demanded that the sub­ject of provin­cial self-​government be included in the draft con­sti­tu­tion. On July 14 1956, the Awami League at a meet­ing adopted a res­o­lu­tion oppos­ing the rep­re­sen­ta­tion of the mil­i­tary in the admin­is­tra­tion. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man pre­sented the res­o­lu­tion. On 4 Sep­tem­ber an anti-​famine demon­stra­tion was brought out under the lead­er­ship of Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib defy­ing Section-​144. At least 3 per­sons were killed when police opened fire on the pro­ces­sion in Chawk­bazar area of Dhaka. On Sep­tem­ber 16, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mojibur Rah­man jointed the coali­tion gov­ern­ment, assum­ing he charge of Indus­tries, Com­merce, Labor, Anti-​Corruption and Vil­lage Aid Ministry.


Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib resigned from the cab­i­net and on August 7, 1957 he Bon­gob­ondhu went to China and Rus­sia on an offi­cial tour.


Octo­ber 7, 1958 Army took the power of Pak­istan Major Gen­eral Iskan­dar Mirza, & the chief of Pakistan’s army Gen­eral Ayub Khan imposed mar­tial law and banned all pol­i­tics. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested on 11 Octo­ber 1958. After­ward, he was con­tin­u­ously harassed through many cases. Banga­bandhu was released from prison after 14 months, then again he was arrested again at the jail gate.


In 1961, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was released after he won a writ peti­tion in the High Court. He started under­ground pol­i­tics against Mil­i­tary dic­ta­tor Ayub Khan. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man orga­nized “Swad­hin Bangla Biplobi Parishad” in order to work for the inde­pen­decne.

Feb­ru­ary 6, 1962 Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested again and free on June 8 after with­drawal of mar­tial law on June 2. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur deliver a speech in a pub­lic rally at Pal­tan where he crit­i­cized Ayub Khan. He went West Pak­istan and met Sha­heed Suhrawardy to form National Demo­c­ra­tic Front.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man went Lon­don to meet Suhrawardy who was there for treat­ment in 1963. Suhrawardy died in Beirut, Lebanon on Decem­ber 5, 1963.

on Jan­u­ary 25, 1964, Moulana Abdur Rashid Tark­abag­ish elected Pres­i­dent and Banga­bandhu as Gen­eral Sec­re­tary in a meet­ing at Banga­bandhu Reci­dence. All Party Action Coun­cil form on March 11, 1964 and again Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man arrested before 14 days of pres­i­den­tial elec­tion of Pak­istan.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was arrested in a sedi­tion case and sen­tence for one year in 1965 but later released on an order of High Court.

Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man placed his­toric 6-​point demand at a con­fer­ence of oppo­si­tion par­ties held in Lahore on Feb­ru­ary 5, 1966. Banga­bandhu elected Pres­i­dent of Awami League on March 1. He started cam­pain on 6-​point accross the coun­try and arrested on may 8. A con­try wide strike observed on 7 June 1966 to release polit­i­cal lead­ers includ­ing Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man. Police killed a num­ber of peo­ple in Dhaka, Narayan­gang and Tongi.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib and 34 Ben­galee mil­i­tary arrested in Agar­tola con­spir­acy case and demon­stra­tion started across the East Pak­istan, the trial began inside Dhaka Can­ton­ment on June 19, 1968.

The Cen­tral Stu­dents Action Coun­cil was formed on Jan­u­ary 5, 1969 to press for the accep­tance of the 11-​point demand that included the 6-​point of Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man. The coun­cil ini­ti­ated a coun­try­wide stu­dent agi­ta­tion to force the gov­ern­ment to with­draw the Agar­tala con­spir­acy case and release Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib. The agi­ta­tion grad­u­ally devel­oped into a mass move­ment. After months of protests, vio­la­tions of Section-​144 and cur­fews, fir­ing by the police and the EPR and a num­ber of casu­al­ties, the move­ment peaked into an unprece­dented mass upsurge that forced Ayub Khan to con­vene a round-​table con­fer­ence of polit­i­cal lead­ers and announce Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man release on parole. On 22 Feb­ru­ary 1969, the cen­tral gov­ern­ment bowed to the con­tin­ued mass protests and free Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man and the other co-​accused. The con­spir­acy case was with­drawn. The Cen­tral Stu­dent Action Coun­cil arranged a recep­tion in honor of Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man on 23 Feb­ru­ary, 1969 at the race­course Suhrawardy Uddyan. At this meet­ing of one mil­lion peo­ple, Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was pub­licly acclaimed as Banga­bandhu or Friend of Ben­gal. In his speech on the occa­sion, Banga­bandhu pledged his total sup­port to the 11-​point demand of the student.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was re-​elected Pres­i­dent of the Awami League on 6 Jan­u­ary, 1970. The Awami League at a meet­ing of the Work­ing com­mit­tee on 1 April decided to take part in the gen­eral elec­tions sched­uled for later that year. On 7 June, Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man addressed a pub­lic meet­ing at the race­course ground and urged the peo­ple to elect his party on the issue of the 6-​point demand. On 17 Octo­ber, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib selected the boat as his party’s elec­tion sym­bol and launched his cam­paign through an elec­tion rally at Dhaka’s Dho­lai Khal. On 28 Octo­ber, Banga­bandhu addressed the nation over radio and tele­vi­sion and called upon the peo­ple to elect his party’s can­di­dates to imple­ment the 6-​point demand. When a mighty cyclone storm hit the coastal belt of Bangladesh, killing at lest one mil­lion peo­ple, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib sus­pended his elec­tion cam­paign and rushed to the aid of the help­less peo­ple in the affected areas. Bon­gob­ondhu strongly con­demned the Pak­istani rulers indif­fer­ence to the cyclone vic­tims and protested against it. Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man called on the inter­na­tional com­mu­nity to help the peo­ple affected by the cyclone. In the gen­eral elec­tions held on 7 Decem­ber, the Awami League gained an absolute major­ity. The Awami League secured 167 out of 169 National Assem­bly seats in the then East Pak­istan and gained 305 out of 310 seats in the Provin­cial Assem­bly.

On 3 Jan­u­ary, 1971 , Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man con­ducted the oath of the people’s elected rep­re­sen­ta­tives at a meet­ing at the Race Course ground. The Awami League mem­bers took the oath to frame a con­sti­tu­tion on the basis of the 6-​point demand and pledged to remain loyal to the peo­ple who had elected them. On 5 Jan­u­ary, Zul­fi­quar Ali Bhutto, the leader of the major­ity party, the People’s Part, in the then West Pak­istan, announced his readi­ness to form a coali­tion gov­ern­ment at the cen­tre with the Awami League. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib was cho­sen as the leader of his party’s par­lia­men­tary part at a meet­ing of the National Assem­bly mem­bers elected from his party. On 27 Jan­u­ary, Zul­fi­quar Ali Bhutto arrived in Dhaka for talks with Banga­bandhu. The talks col­lapsed after three days of delib­er­a­tions. In an announce­ment on 13 Feb­ru­ary, Pres­i­dent Yahya Khan sum­moned the National Assem­bly to con­vince in Dhaka on 3 March. On Feb­ru­ary 15, Bhutto announced that he would boy­cott the ses­sion and demanded that power be handed over to the major­ity par­ties in East Pak­istan and West Pak­istan. In a state­ment on 16 Feb­ru­ary, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man bit­terly crit­i­cized the demand of Bhutto and said, “The demand of Bhutto sahib is totally illog­i­cal. Power has to be handed over to the only major­ity party, the Awami League. The peo­ple of East Ben­gal are now the mas­ters of power.”

On March 1, Yahya Khan abruptly post­poned the National Assem­bly ses­sion, prompt­ing a storm of protest and through­out Bangladesh. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man called an emer­gency meet­ing of the work­ing com­mit­tee of the Awami League, which called a coun­try­wide har­tal for 3 March. After the har­tal was suc­cess­fully observed, Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man called on the Pres­i­dent to imme­di­ately trans­fer power to his party.
On 7 March, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man addressed a mam­moth pub­lic rally at the Race Course ground, where he declared:

THE STRUG­GLE NOW IS THE STRUG­GLE FOR OUR EMAN­CI­PA­TION, THE STRUG­GLE NOW IS THE STRUG­GLE FOR OUR INDE­PEN­DENCE. JOI BANGLA.” IN THIS HIS­TORIC SPEECH, BANGA­BANDHU URGED THE NATION TO BREAK THE SHACK­LES OF SUB­JU­GA­TION AND DECLARED, “SINCE WE HAVE GIVEN BLOOD, WE WILL GIVE MORE BLOOD. GOD-​WILLING, THE PEO­PLE OF THIS COUNTR WILL BE LIB­ER­ATED…. TURN EVERY HOUSE INTO A FORT. FACE (THE ENEMY) WITH WHAT­EVER YOU HAVE.”

Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man advised the peo­ple to pre­pare them­selves for a guerilla war against the enemy. He asked the peo­ple to start a total non-​cooperation move­ment against the gov­ern­ment of Yahya Khan. There were inef­fec­tual orders from Yahya Khan on the one hand, while the nation, on the other hand, received direc­tives from Banga­bandhu Road no. 32 res­i­dence. The entire nation car­ried out Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib instruc­tions. Ever orga­ni­za­tion, includ­ing gov­ern­ment offices, banks, insur­ance com­pa­nies, schools, col­leges, mills and fac­to­ries obeyed Banga­bandhu direc­tives. The response of the peo­ple of Bangladesh to Banga­bandhu call was unpar­al­leled in his­tory. It was Banga­bandhu who con­ducted the admin­is­tra­tion of an inde­pen­dent Bangladesh from March 7 to March 25.

On 16 March, Yahya Khan came to Dhaka for talks with Banga­bandhu on the trans­fer of power. Bhutto also came a few days later to Dhaka for talks. The Mujib-​Yahya-​Bhutto talks con­tin­ued until 24 March. Yahya Khan left Dhaka in the evening of 25 March in secrecy. On the night of 25 March, the Pak­istan army cracked down on the inno­cent unarmed Ban­galees. They attacked Dhaka Uni­ver­sity, the Peelkhana Head­quar­ters of the then East Pak­istan Rifles and the Rajarbagh Police Headquarters.

Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man called upon all sec­tions of peo­ple, includ­ing Ban­galee mil­i­tary and civil­ian per­son­nel, stu­dents, work­ers and peas­ants, to join the resis­tance against the occu­pa­tion Pak­istan army. This mes­sage of Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib was imme­di­ately dis­sem­i­nated through­out the coun­try through radio equip­ment under spe­cial arrange­ments. The same night jawans and offi­cers in Chit­tagong, Comilla and Jes­sore can­ton­ments put up resis­tance to the Pak­istan army after receiv­ing this mes­sage. Banga­bandhu dec­la­ra­tion was broad­cast by Chit­tagong Radio sta­tion. The Pak­istan army arrested Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man from his Dhan­mondi res­i­dence at 110 am and whisked him away to Dhaka can­ton­ment. On 26 March he was flown to Pak­istan as a pris­oner. The same day, Gen­eral Yahya Khan, in a broad­cast banned the Awami League and called Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib a trai­tor.

On 26 March, M. A. Han­nan, an Awami League leader in Chit­tagong, read out Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man dec­la­ra­tion of depen­dence over Chit­tagong radio. On 10 April, The Pro­vi­sional Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Gov­ern­ment of Bangladesh was formed with Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man as President.

The rev­o­lu­tion­ary gov­ern­ment took the oath of office on April 17 at the Amrakanan of Baidyanath­tala in Meherpur, which is now known as Mujib­na­gar. Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was elected Pres­i­dent, Syed Nazrul Islam act­ing Pres­i­dent and Tajud­din Ahmed Prime Min­is­ter. The Lib­er­a­tion War ended on Decem­ber 16 1971 when the Pak­istani occu­pa­tion forces sur­ren­dered at the his­toric race­course ground accept­ing defeat in the glo­ri­ous was led by the rev­o­lu­tion­ary gov­ern­ment in exile. Bangladesh were finally free.


Ear­lier, between August and Sep­tem­ber of 1971, the Pak­istani junta held a secret trial of Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man inside Lyallpur jail in Pak­istan. He was sen­tenced to death. The freedom-​loving peo­ple of the world demanded absolute secu­rity of Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man life. Once Bangladesh was lib­er­ated, the Bangladesh gov­ern­ment demanded that Friend of Ben­gal be released imme­di­ately and uncon­di­tion­ally. A num­ber of coun­tries, includ­ing India and the Rus­sia, and var­i­ous inter­na­tional orga­ni­za­tions urged the release of Banga­bandhu. Pak­istan had no right to hold Banga­bandhu, who was the archi­tect of Bangladesh. In the mean­time, Bangladesh had been rec­og­nized by many coun­tries of the world.

The Pak­istan gov­ern­ment freed Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man on Jan­u­ary 8, 1972. Banga­bandhu was seen off at Rawalpindi by Zul­fi­quar Ali Bhutto, by now Pakistan’s pres­i­dent the same day Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib left for Lon­don en route to Dhaka. In Lon­don, British Prime Min­is­ter Edward Heath met with Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man. On his way back home from Lon­don Banga­bandhu had a stop-​over in New Delhi, where Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man was received by Indian Pres­i­dent V. V. Giri and Prime Min­is­ter Indira Gandhi.

A mem­o­rable recep­tion was accorded to Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man when he reached Dhaka on Jan­u­ary 10. From the air­port he drove straight to the Race­course Ground where he made a tear­ful address before the coun­try. On 12 Jan­u­ary, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man became Bangladesh’s Prime Min­is­ter. On Feb­ru­ary 6 Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib trav­eled to India at the invi­ta­tion of the Indian gov­ern­ment. After twenty-​four years the Dhaka Uni­ver­sity author­i­ties rescinded his expul­sion order and accorded him the University’s life mem­ber­ship.

On March 1 Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man went to the Rus­sia on an offi­cial visit. The allied Indian army left Dhaka on 17 March at the request of Banga­bandhu. On May 1 Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man announced a raise in the salary of class three and four employ­ees of the gov­ern­ment. On July 30 Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man under­went a gall blad­der oper­a­tion in Lon­don, Eng­land. From there he went to Geneva. On Octo­ber 10 the World Peace Coun­cil con­ferred the Julio Curie award on Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man. On 4 Novem­ber, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man announced that the first gen­eral elec­tion in Bangladesh would be held on 7 March, 1973. On 15 Decem­ber, Sheikh Mujib gov­ern­ment announced the pro­vi­sion of accord­ing state awards to the free­dom fight­ers. On the first anniver­sary of lib­er­a­tion the con­sti­tu­tion of the People’s Repub­lic of Bangladesh was framed.

The People’s Repub­lic of Bangladesh was accorded mem­ber­ship of the United Nations. On Sep­tem­ber 24, 1974 Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man addressed the UN Gen­eral Assem­bly in Bangla.

On Jan­u­ary 25, 1975, the coun­try switched over to the pres­i­den­tial sys­tem of gov­er­nance and Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man took over as Pres­i­dent of the repub­lic. On 24 Feb­ru­ary, Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League, com­pris­ing all the polit­i­cal par­ties of the coun­try, was formed. On Feb­ru­ary 25, Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man called upon all polit­i­cal par­ties and lead­ers to join this national party. He felt the need for mak­ing Bangladesh a self-​reliant nation by reduc­ing depen­dence on for­eign aid. So he over­hauled the eco­nomic poli­cies to achieve the goal of self-​reliance, He launched the Sec­ond Rev­o­lu­tion to make inde­pen­dence mean­ing­ful and ensure food, cloth­ing, shel­ter, medicare, edu­ca­tion and work to the peo­ple. The objec­tives of the rev­o­lu­tion were: elim­i­na­tion of cor­rup­tion, boost­ing pro­duc­tion in mills, fac­to­ries and fields, pop­u­la­tion con­trol and estab­lish­ment of national unity.

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man received an unprece­dented response to his call to achieve eco­nomic free­dom by unit­ing the entire nation. The econ­omy started pick­ing up rapidly within a short time. Pro­duc­tion increased. Smug­gling stopped. The prices of essen­tials came down to within the pur­chas­ing capac­ity of the com­mon man. Imbued with new hope, the peo­ple untidily marched for­ward to extend the ben­e­fits of inde­pen­dence to ever doorstep. But that con­di­tion did not last long.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman family killed August 15, 1975

In the pre-​dawn hours of 15 August, 1975, the noblest and the great­est of Ben­galees in a thou­sand years, Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man, the archi­tect of Bangladesh was assas­si­nated by a hand­ful of ambi­tious and treach­er­ous mil­i­tary offi­cers. On that day, Bon­gob­ondhu Sheikh Mujib wife, a noble woman, Begum Fazi­latun­nessa; his eldest son, free­dom fighter Sheikh Kamal; sec­ond son Lt. Sheikh Jamal; youngest son Sheikh Rus­sel; two daughters-​in-​law Sul­tana kamal and Rosy kamal; Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibu’s brother Sheikh Naser; brother-​in-​law and agri­cul­ture min­is­ter Abdur Rab Ser­ni­a­bat and his daugh­ter Baby Ser­ni­a­bat; Arif Ser­ni­a­bat, grand son Sukanto Abdul­lah and nephew Shahid Ser­ni­a­bat Banga­bandhu nephew, youth leader and jour­nal­ist Sheikh Fazlul Huq Moni and his preg­nant wife Arzoo Moni; Banga­bandhu secu­rity offi­cer Brig. Jamil and a 14-​year-​old boy Rin­too were killed. In all the killers slaugh­tered 17 mem­bers and rel­a­tives of Banga­bandhu fam­ily.


August 15, 1975, is the black­est day in Bangladesh national life. The nation observes this day as National Mourn­ing Day.


Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Med­ical University

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Agri­cul­tural University

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Sci­ence And Tech­nol­ogy University

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Memo­r­ial Museum

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Memo­r­ial Trust

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Hall, Dhaka University

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rah­man Novo Theatre

Banga­bandhu National Stadium

Banga­bandhu Satellite

Banga­bandhu Inter­na­tional Con­fer­ence Cen­ter (BICC)

Banga­bandhu Tex­tile Engi­neer­ing College

Banga­bandhu Sheikh Mujib Safari Park

Banga­bandhu Bridge

High Qual­ity Free Joomla Tem­plates by MightyJoomla | Design By NewW­PThemes