About Bor­der Guard Bangladesh (BGB)

Bor­der Guard Bangladesh (BGB) is a para­mil­i­tary force in Bangladesh. Mainly asso­ci­ated with guard­ing the bor­ders of the coun­try, this force is known by the Bangladeshi as “The Vig­i­lant Sen­tinels of Our National Fron­tier”. The British had first orga­nized the Ram­garh Local Bat­tal­ion in 1795 by recruit­ing the native pop­u­la­tion. The bat­tal­ion was suc­ceeded by the East­ern Fron­tier Rifles, which guarded the fron­tier from 1891 to 1920, when it was dis­banded. Bor­der duties were assumed by the East Pak­istan Rifles after the par­ti­tion, after the inde­pen­dence of Bangladesh EPR became Bangladesh Rifles and finally after the mutiny of BDR it came to be known as BGB.

Apart from its pri­mary task of pro­tect­ing the bor­ders, the mem­bers of Bor­der Guard Bangladesh have taken part in other mil­i­tary oper­a­tions. This force was vested with the addi­tional task of check­ing smug­gling in 1958. Its mem­bers took up arms in an orga­nized man­ner against the Pak­istan Army dur­ing the lib­er­a­tion war of 1971. Sev­eral mem­bers earned gal­lantry awards — for exam­ple, Lance Naik Nur Moham­mad Sheikh and Lance Naik Mun­shi Abdur Rouf earned the high­est gal­lantry award, the Bir Sreshtha; 8 oth­ers were awarded the Bir Uttam, 40 other the, Bir Bikram and 91 the Bir Patik.

The BGB is headed by a Direc­tor Gen­eral. The BGB admin­is­tra­tion and almost all its offi­cers are Bangladesh Army officers.There are how­ever, around 100 offi­cers from BGB troops who rose to the rank of offi­cers. They can be pro­moted as high as Deputy Direc­tor equiv­a­lent to Colonel in the Army. Its total man­power is 40,000, orga­nized into a cen­tral head­quar­ters, 14 sec­tors, bat­tal­ions and bor­der out­posts, mainly along the borders.