Royal Ben­gal Tiger

Ben­gal Tiger (bagh) one of the largest liv­ing cats on earth, belongs to fam­ily Fel­i­dae, order Car­nivora. The Ben­gal Tiger (Pan­thera tigris tigris) is rec­og­nized as the national ani­mal of BANGLADESH and is renowned as the Royal Ben­gal Tiger. Its body is rich yel­low to red­dish ochre in colour with ver­ti­cally arranged black stripes, more pro­nounced towards the rump and thighs; its under­parts are whitish. Its cubs are born with stripes. The yel­low tail has a series of black rings and ends up with a black tip. The back­side of the ears is black and has a clearly vis­i­ble white spot.

Royal Ben­gal Tiger has round pupils, retrac­tile claws, head-​body length 140280 cm, and a tail mea­sur­ing 60110 cm. Its height at its shoul­der is 95110 cm; males weigh 180280 kg and females 115185 kg; the female is smaller.

The heav­i­est tiger that has been recorded in the Guin­ness Book of Records at 465 kg is the Amur (Siber­ian) Tiger (Pan­thera tigris attaica).

Tigers prey on medium to large mam­mals such as deer, wild pigs and por­cu­pines. They can bring down ani­mals twice their size. Prey species deter­mine how many tigers can sur­vive in a given area. An agile ani­mal, it swims well, and patrols its ter­ri­tory by mark­ing it with drop­pings and other signs. Tigers are monog­a­mous and usu­ally give birth to 25 cubs after a ges­ta­tion period of about 1415 weeks; the major­ity of the cubs are born between Feb­ru­ary and May and nursed by their moth­ers for 56 months. The young cubs stay with their mother for a year or more. A female becomes sex­u­ally mature in 3 years and a male in 4 years.

In Bangladesh tigers were once found in every for­est, but are now con­fined to the man­grove forests of the SUN­DAR­BANS, and are treated as a crit­i­cally endan­gered species.

Of the eight sub­species of tigers five still sur­vive: the Ben­gal Tiger (Pan­thera tigris tigris) lives in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, West­ern Myan­mar and Nepal; the Amur (Siber­ian) Tiger (P. t. attaica) in Siberia, Manchuria and North­east China; the south China (Amoy) Tiger (P. t. ameyen­sis) in China; the Suma­tran Tiger (P. t. suma­trae) in Suma­tra; and the Indo-​Chinese Tiger (P. t. cor­betti) in Cam­bo­dia, China, Laos, Malaysia, East­ern Myan­mar, Thai­land and Viet­nam. Three sub­species of tigers the Javan Tiger (P. t. sondaica), the Bali Tiger (P. t. bal­ica), and the Caspian (Turan/​Hyrcanian) Tiger (P. t. vir­gata) have become extinct in the last 50 years. Today it is esti­mated that fewer than 7,000 tigers sur­vive in the wild in the fol­low­ing coun­tries: Bangladesh (300362), Bhutan (6781), China (110140), India (2,5003,750), Myan­mar (230465), Nepal (9397), Rus­sia (330337), Viet­nam (200), Cam­bo­dia (150300), Laos (?), North Korea (c 10), Thai­land (250501), Malaysia (491510), and Indone­sia (400500).