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Bagerhat District (khulna division) with an area of 3959.11 sq km, is bounded by gopalganj and narail districts on the north, bay of bengal on the south, gopalganj, pirojpur and barguna districts on the east and khulna district on the west. Annual average temperature maximum 33.5C and minimum 12.5C. Annual rainfall is 1710 mm. Main rivers are Panguchi, Daratana, madhumati, pasur, Haringhata, Mongla, Baleswar, Bangra and Goshairkhali.

Bagerhat (Town) consists of 9 wards and 31 mahallas. Bagerhat municipality was established in 1958. It has an area of 7.53 sq. km and a population of 51504; male 52.24%, female 47.76%. The literacy rate among the town people is 59.1%. The town has one dakbungalow and one circuit house.

Administration Bagerhat subdivision was turned into a district in 1984. It consists of 9 upazilas, 77 union parishads, 1031 villages, 687 mouzas, 3 municipalities, 27 wards, 56 mahallas. The upazilas are bagerhat sadar, chitalmari, fakirhat, kachua, mollahat, mongla, morrelganj, rampal, sarankhola.

Archaeological heritage shatgumbad mosque, nine-dome mosque, Sona Mosque, khan jahan's tomb Complex, seven-domed Mosque, ten-domed Mosque, one-domed Mosque, Pacha Dighi, Ghora Dighi, Kodla Math or Ayudha Math, Kuthibari (1849), Durgapur Shiva Math, Shiva Temple, Rajbari of Bangram.

Historical events The name of khan jahan ali is related to the history of Bagerhat. He migrated here in 1429 with a large number of soldiers. He established the Khalifabad Pargana covering areas including Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Jessore and Barisal. He ruled this pargana during the period from 1429 to 1449. After the death of Khan Jahan Ali in 1449, Raja Prajapaditya occupied the pargana. During the war of liberation in 1971 the Pak army entered Bagerhat on 21 April through the land way via Domerpool. They killed about 200 innocent people at Khalishakhali and Babuganj. Many people were killed and wounded in encounters between the Pak army and the freedom fighters at Doyapara, Shakharikarihat, and at Chakulia of Mollahat. Besides, 35 persons were killed in an encounter between the freedom fighters and the Razakars in Morrelganj.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 9, memorial monument 8, mass killing site 4.

Population 1515815; male 51.30%, female 48.70%; Muslim 77.45%, Hindu 22.06%, Buddhist 0.02%, Chistian 0.42%, other 0.05%.

Religious institutions Mosque 2161, temple 518, tomb 19, church 20, sacred place 8.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 44.33%; male 49.54%, female 34.33%. Educational institutions: medical college 1, physical education college 1, homeopath college 1, technical college 5, PTI 1, vocational institutions 1, government college 3, non-government college 28, government high school 4, non-government high school 185, junior school 33, mentally retarded school 1, government primary school 521, non-government primary school 338, madrasa 475, satellite school 14, community school 9.

Newspapers and periodicals Dailies: Dhakhin Kantha, Uttayal, Dut, Morrelganj Barta and Sundarbans. Projanma (defunct), Mongla (weekly), Mazlum (periodical), Weekly Royal Bengal (defunct), Weekly Bananchal.

Cultural organisations Public library 12, rural club 255, press club 1, museum 1, cinema hall 14, theatre group 3, literary organisation 14, women's organisation 65, playground 37.

Main occupations Agriculture 36.24%, fishing 3.06%, agricultural labourer 18.31%, wage labourer 6.73%, commerce 12.86%, transport 2.27%, service 7.58%, others 12.95%.

Land use Cultivable land 179401.05 hectares, fallow land 687.98 hectares; single crop 95%, double crop 3%, treble crop 2%.

Land control Among the peasants landless 11%, marginal 33%, intermediary 24%, rich 09%. Per head arable land is 0.08 hectare.

Value of land Market value of first grade of land is Tk 5000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, sugar cane, potato, banana, onion, garlic, spices.

Extinct and nearly extinct crops Tobacco, mustard seed.

Main fruits Sabeda, mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Hatchery 4, Fishing (shrimp cultivation) 12563, poultry farm 821, dairy 211.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 370.91 km, semi pucca 259.5 km and mud road 3325.82 km; railways 24 km, waterways 205 km; railway station 5.

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct), boat.

Manufactories Ice factory 39, rice mill 2258, wheat mill 25, cement industry 2, LPG plant 1, saw mill 68.

Cottage industries Weaving 44, goldsmith 279, wood work 1220, blacksmith 262, welding 185, honey cultivation 1, bidi factory 2, bamboo work 360, potteries 76.

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 182, fairs 29.

Main exports Paddy, fish (shrimp) coconut, betel nut, betel leaf, honey.

NGO activities brac, proshika, asa, grameen bank, Shaplafull, Dak Dia Jai, CRC.

Health centre Government hospital 5, TB clinic 1, diabetic centre 1, upazila health complex 9, union health and family planning clinic 79, satellite clinic 34, community clinic 12, nursing school 1, veterinary hospital 1, child and maternity centre 3.


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