Satellite is an modern invented artificial object which is placed into Orbit. Bangladesh will launch first satellite “Bangabandhu-1” into space in 2015. Posts and Telecommunication minister of Bangladesh announced the satellite project Bangabandhu on March 29, 2010. Bangladesh government assigned US base Space Partnership International (SPI) as the consulting firm for the satellite project. Bangladesh Telecommunication Regularity Commission (BTRC) started work in 2008 for the satellite Bangabandhu-1.
BTRC has been working with International Telecommunication Union (ITU) to allow orbit slot 102 degree east but USA, France, Russia, Australia and many other countries raised objection that their satellite will not work if Bangladesh is given 102 degree east.
Finnaly, BTRC decided to buy orbital slot 119 degree east instead of 102 degree and 69 degree from a Russian company with a cost of Tk. 217.7 billion for 15 years Bangabandhu-1 satellite. But Bangladesh would book 2 slots at 102 degree east and 69 degree east for Bangabandhu-1 satellite good service in future. Initially cost of Bangabandhu-1 satellite project Tk. 32.48 billion placed to Ecnec.
Primarily Characteristics of Bangabandhu-1 satellite are Direct to Home (DTH), VSAT, Backhaul & Trunking, Disaster preparedness, Network restoration, etc.
In the beginning, the Satellite Banagandhu-1 will provide services to Bangladesh and neighboring countries and later service area would be South East Asia, Europe, Middle East and East Africa if orbital slot available.
Bangladesh spends about $11 million annually on satellite rents for television channels, telephone connectivity and radio stations. After successfully completion Bangabandhu-1 satellite setup Bangladesh will earn around $50 dollar annually.
The first satellite was Sputnik-1 was launched by Russia in 1957. There are 3600 satellites are running in orbit owned by 50 countries of the world including India and Pakistan. Satellite are placed at 20000 kilometer to 36000 kilometer orbit and It is semi-independent computer controlled systems.